About Alexandria - presentation, information, photos and recommendations
Alexandria is the second largest city in Egypt after Cairo. It has a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants. Distance from Cairo: 225 km. Located at the mouth of the Mediterranean to the western arm, part of the Nile Delta.
Today is a port, a center of education, culture, financial and economic: ind. petrochemical, cement, food, textiles, tourism. The port lost its importance and shipyards here are too small for modern marine industry. The larger commercial vessels prefer to head for Suez or to Damietta, modern city on the Nile.
Contemporary city stretches along the Mediterranean coast about 30 km in length. The eastern side of town to communicate with the west by Al-Corniche Boulevard, which runs along the shore and that is down on the beach.
Founded around 332 BC Alexander the Great, head of authority from the reign of Ptolemy I 322-285 BC, Alexandria has continued to grow throughout the Greco-Roman period. Ever since Ptolemy II and III Kings was a rich trading city and a renowned cultural center. During the Arab conquest, the city declined, instead giving Rosette city and resume their leading place until Mehmet-Ali era.
Alexandria occupies a rocky isthmus, narrow, located between the Mediterranean and Lake Mary. The old town is buried beneath the modern city of Alexandria Archaeology progresses and especially during urban works. On the other hand, the sinking of a strip of coast was disappearing under water most of the Hellenistic buildings: no longer see any headlight no library or museum.
On the island of Pharos in Alexandria shore to a lighthouse in antiquity there was a high of 135 m, being the tallest building in that era and known in history as the 7th Wonder of the Ancient: Lighthouse of Alexandria. "The top and there was a statue of Poseidon, 7m high "Library of Alexandria was the largest library of antiquity, with 900,000 scrolls. This worked philosophers, mathematicians, poets, doctors. They established the Julian calendar and modern geometry.
Alexandria | Alexandria is the second largest city in Egypt after Cairo. It has a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants. Distance from Cairo: 225 km. Located at the mouth of the Mediterranean to the western arm, part of the Nile Delta
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